New Study Shows Link between Newborn Aminoglycoside Use and Hearing Loss

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Thursday, July 30, 2015
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Feature Story 

New Study Shows Link between Newborn Aminoglycoside Use and Hearing Loss

Newborn infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit, and older infants and adults affected by meningitis, cystic fibrosis and other life-threatening infections, are typically treated with aminoglycosides. However, a new study just published in Science Translational Medicine titled "Endotoxemia-mediated inflammation potentiates aminoglycoside-induced ototoxicity" shows that infected patients treated with aminoglycosides are more susceptible to aminoglycoside-induced hearing loss and deafness (ototoxicity) than previously realized.

The information from this research can rapidly change the standard of clinical care by informing both clinicians and parents of the negative impact of sustained aminoglycoside use once the pathogens have been identified, and to promote the use of non-ototoxic antibiotic or anti-infective dosing.

The study was conducted by Peter Steyger, Ph.D., and his team at Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) in Portland. At OHSU, Steyger is professor of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery in the Oregon Hearing Research Center as well as an affiliate investigator at the National Center for Research in Auditory Rehabilitation with the VA Portland Health Care System. As a longtime member of AG Bell, he served on the AG Bell board of directors from 2007-2010, and has been involved in the success of the AG Bell Research Symposium for a number of years. Click here to learn more about the study and share through your social networks

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Deaf Students Make Music with Melbourne Symphony Orchestra

British pianist Danny Lane, who has been deaf since birth and is artistic director of the charity Music and the Deaf, joined with students from the Victorian College for the Deaf in Melbourne, Australia, for a workshop in which high school students who are deaf played music with members of the Melbourne Symphony Orchestra (MSO). Melbourne music educator Karen Kyriakou worked with the MSO to organize the workshop after travelling to the United Kingdom in 2013 to study the musical education of deaf children. Click here to learn more.

Young Philanthropists Create Opportunities for Giving

In this week's "Speaking from the Volta Bureau," Emilio Alonso-Mendoza writes about how late summer is a great time to give to charities. He gives examples of children donating to AG Bell and how it reflects their giving nature. Click here to read about the young philanthropists.

Why Music Improves Memory and Verbal Intelligence

Musical training has been shown to lead to improvements in a wide variety of different skills, including memory and spatial learning for example. In addition, language skills such as verbal memory, literacy and verbal intelligence have been shown to strongly benefit from musical training. A new study, just published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, aimed to assess neurodevelopment in adolescence and the impact that certain forms of experience, such as musical training, could have on this process. Click here to learn more.

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Concentration Fatigue

Ian Noon writes about the impact of deafness on one's energy levels after a full day of activity and draws attention to concentration fatigue, especially for young children and students who are deaf and hard of hearing. Click here to read more and here to share your perspective.

Latest The Volta Review - Earn CEUs!

The Spring/Summer 2015 issue is now available online to readers. Professionals, you can earn CEUs for simply reading the journal! Click here to access the quizzes and receive CEUs for reading the journal.

Featured Social Conversation >
Psychologists have revealed new evidence showing how specific language used by parents to talk to their babies can help their child to understand the thoughts of others when they get older. Join the conversation.